Parts of a Book

Introduction


1. WHAT IS A BOOK? 


"A Book is a set of folded sheets of paper sewn or stapled along one edge and enclosed within a protective cover and the written materials contained within it" - Feather and Sturges (1999). 

Also UNESCO Conference (1964) defined a book as a printed publication of at least Forty-nine pages, exclusive of its cover pages.

2. PARTS OF A BOOK 


A. COVER PAGE 

The Cover Page of a book is the outer most part of a book designed to give strength to the soft inner part of the printed matter. The book has both front and back covers which are either soft or hard. Books with hard covers are usually stronger and more durable and therefore more expensive. The title of any printed matter must necessarily appear at the cover page if only to immediately reveal the content of the book and say something about the writer or author of the content.

B. TITLE

A Title is a distinguishing word or phrase, usually appearing in a publication, naming the publication or work contained in it.

C. TITLE PAGE

The Title page of a document is at the beginning of a book on which the fullest title information, statement of authorship and the whole or part of the imprint is contained.

D. HALF-TITLE PAGE

This is the page in a book that contains the title of the book in the shortest possible form. It is so because it does not carry full information as much as is found in the Full Title Page, where you find the date of Publication, Publisher, Copyright, ISBN and even the CIP date.

E. AUTHOR

The Person(s) or Corporate Body chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic contents of a work, e.g. the Writer of a book, the Compiler of a Bibliography, the Composer of a Musical Work, the Artist who paints a Picture, the Photographer who takes the photographs.

F. EDITOR

An editor is one who prepares for a publication an item that is not the direct product of his brain. In other words, he or she is a professional, who is versatile in that discipline and can therefore make some contributions to the material content of a work.

G. EDITION

(a) Books:

All those copies of an item produced from the same type image, whether direct contact or by photographic methods.

(b) Non-book materials:

All the copies of an item produced from one Master Copy and issued by a particular Publishing Agency or a Group of such Agencies.

H. PRELIMINARIES 

Preliminary Pages are the Title Page or Title Pages of a publication, together with the verso of each title page, and any Pages preceding the title page(s). They are usually numbered in Roman figures.


I. VERSO

The Verso of a book is the left hand page of a book, usually bearing an even page number.

J. RECTO

The Recto is the right hand page of a book, usually bearing an odd number.

K. FRONTIS-PIECE 

 This is the page immediately preceding the Half-title page. Here on this page, list of abbreviations, illustrations, errata etc used in text are presented.

L. COPYRIGHT PAGE 

This is the page in a book immediately following the title page. It carries information about the ownership status of the book, that is, whether the book belongs to the Author or the Publisher. Also on this page is the address of the Publisher, Name of the place of its Publication, date of Publication, edition statement stating whether it is the second, third or fourth edition etc, or whether it is a revised edition.

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) or the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) in the case of Serial or Journal appears on this page. ISBN or ISSN is the number uniquely given to Books or Journals to differentiate each Book/Journal from the other.

M. JACKET 

The Jacket is usually a beautiful wrapper covering the Cover Page of a book. In most cases it is designed for aesthetic purpose in order to attract and draw attention to the material; more especially, it equally strengthens the book and protects it from dust and direct damage,

N. SPINE 

The Spine of a book is the thin narrow edge of the book designed to hide the folds of the book by the Binders. It again helps to strengthen the book. If the Spine is wide enough, information concerning the Author, Title, Publisher and Class Mark, may be printed on the Spine.

Books are most times shelved with the Spine falling outside, so Readers who prefer to simply browse the shelf, will have no difficulties tracing and identifying such materials.

O. BLURB

The Blurb is often a part of the Jacket where there is a jacket. It is meant to advertise the material to members of the reading public.

P. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This is the page where the Author expresses his/her gratitude to all those who assisted in the course of writing the book.

Q. DEDICATION

On this page the Author gives credence to anybody who matters or means much to him. Such person(s) could be his dear wife, daughter, son, a friend, his teacher/mentor or even his God.

R. FOREWARD

This is an introductory essay usually written for the Author by anybody who is an authority in the field of study.

S. PREFACE

This is a short essay usually written by the Author at the opening pages

T. TABLE OF CONTENTS

This page in any book gives material content of the book in line of sentences denoting Headings, Sub-headings, Chapters and Page Numbers of items discussed in the body of the work. This serves as a guide and quick reference to prospective seekers of information by directing the user to exact page(s) where certain desired information is found, it therefore minimize the time spent on browsing the entire book for relevant topic.

U. THE TEXT

This is the body of the work where ideas, opinions and messages the Author is treating are copiously expressed. The text is the most important pan of the entire book all other parts are simply complimentary.

V. SUBSIDIARIES

These are parts of the book which come after the main body of the work e.g. Reference/Bibliography, Index, Appendix etc.

W. BIBLIOGRAPHIES

Bibliography or References is an alphabetical listing by Author/title all the Books and Journals consulted by the Author of the work in the course of carrying out the write-up. The bibliography or reference takes the style of listing of author/editor, title of books, journals, names of publishers, place and date of publication. Some prefer to refer to it as references. They are either compiled at the end of each chapter of a book or at the very end of the entire work.

X. APPENDIX

An Appendix equally appears at the end of the book, it carries important data, statistics that were found to be too detailed to be presented within the text. Such information is presented at the end of the book and attention drawn to them. Such part of a work which is usually treated as Appendix includes interviews, questionnaire and sometimes tables.


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