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African Philosophy

By: Sylvester I. ODIA


     The existence of African Philosophy is no more a subject for debate in contemporary times. African philosophers are currently involved in doing African Philosophy using various methods and approaches. In this section on African Philosophy, I do not intend to overflog the whole issue of whether or not Africa has a philosophy. I intend to present what African Philosophy is, some recent works done on the History of African Philosophy, the whole issue of relevance of African Philosophy and the African Philosopher to the contemporary African.


    Philosophy simply means "love of wisdom". Henry Thomas interprets love of wisdom to mean the passionate desire to solve the four outstanding enigmas of life: who we are, where we come from, where are we going, and what is the best way to get there. Furthermore, he adds that the chief purpose of philosophy is to establish mental serenity through the contemplation…
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Function of Units in the John Harris Library

  Each of the above divisions is made up of units. The functions of these units are visible while some are not. Let us examine each division briefly. The University Librarian's office is the seat of Administration.


   The main function of the University Librarian is to provide library resources and services in the University. To perform this duty successfully Ike (1997) made it clear that, the Librarian should begin by providing himself with clearly stated objectives, goals and strategies for achieving them. The University Librarian should base his assessment on the users’ satisfaction to take corrective measures where necessary. The Librarian should aim at developing a user-friendly library. .

The Librarian is the head of the university library, therefore, to be successful as a team leader, he/she should practice participative management. He should also provide schedule of duty to all his staff members


The Library System

INTRODUCTION  The word ‘Library’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Liber,’ which means a book. There are many definitions of a Library. For example International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science defined a Library simply as a ‘collection of materials organized for use.

    Books and journals in a bookshop follow some form of arrangement, organization and pattern of use; should we therefore say that a bookshop is a library because the materials therein follow some pattern of organization? Some observed defects in this definition will lead us to examine yet another definition of Library by Balakrishnan and Paliwal (2001).

“The Library is the place where individual's needs for knowledge and information are met through the collective provision and interpretation of resources... ”

The question here is, who provides and interprets the said resources?

The Library is a room or a hall where there are books, non book materials and journals organized in a defi…

Admission into the Library and User's Guide

    No person may make use of the University Library unless he/she has signed an undertaking to observe the library rules and regulations, and has been issued with a Reader's Ticket. This ticket must be shown to any official of the Library on demand, who may prohibit entry to anyone unable to produce it.

   Registration must be renewed at the beginning of each Academic year. Library tickets are not transferable.

   The following are eligible to be registered as Readers in the University of Benin Library with the privilege of borrowing books, subject to the regulations on behalf of it.

   Members of the Junior Staff may not borrow books directly but loans can be made in special cases on the undertaking of their Head of Section who will take responsibility for them in case of loss, damage or outright destruction of such library material.

The following may also be admitted to University Library for purposes of study …

A brief history of the University of Benin and its Library System

  The University of Benin (formerly known as the Institute of Technology) was founded on Saturday 23rd November, 1970. The need to establish a university in Bendel state (formerly Midwest state) was recognised by the Government of the state in 1965 when agitation for a Higher Institute of learning in the state  became very rife.

    With the determination of the State Government to physically establish and open the Institute in 1970, some eighty contractors were employed to work round-the-clock between May and November, 1970, to reconstruct and convert the premises of Mariere College (a Teacher Training College, Benin City) into a temporary site of the Institute.

 As a result, an Administrative Block, a centrally air-conditioned Library with a capacity for 30,000 volumes was built. On November 23rd, 1970, the institute was formally opened and the first batch of 108 students drawn from all nooks and crannies of the Federation began taking courses in Science and Mathematic…

Aristotelian Logic

    Categorical propositions tell us about the relationship between classes. They tell us whether a particular class is included in another class or it is excluded from it, wholly or partially. A class is a collection of objects with the same features(s) or characteristic(s). So, there is hardly an object that does not belong to a class. For instance we have the class of chairs, men, dogs, lions, eagles, lizards, etc.

    In addition, we should note that while a given class excludes members of another class, it can also be a part of a larger class. We have, for example, the following instances.

-  The class of chairs excludes the class of cars, but it is part if the larger class of furniture.
-  The class of men excludes the class of lizards, but is part of the larger class of humans.
-  The class of dogs excludes that of ants, but it is part if the larger class of domestic animals.
-  The class of lions excludes the class of fishes, but it …

Philosophy of Politics


    Political Philosophy is a second-order discipline to Political science. There is the need to clarify the difference between Political Science and Political Philosophy. The Political scientist would ask questions such as: What is authority, democracy and sovereignty etc in empirical terms? The Political philosopher is interested in the conceptual clarification of authority, democracy, and sovereignty, etc, and how structures of governance ought to be administered. Otakpor illustrates this difference as follows:

While the political scientist, for example, studies how different political systems function, the social (as well as political) philosopher sets out to find the best or most desirable political arrangement.
    At this juncture, perhaps there is the need to delve into the history of political Philosophy. Political Philosophy could be traced back to Socrates. Plato and Aristotle were, however, the ones who articulated and gave a defini…